People could be deterred from eating meat by increasing its price further up the supply chain, stemming rise in consumption and environmental damage.
Meat is horrible!
“This report shows our current food system has to change because it’s not sustainable,”
“The time is coming when we will not be able to sweep it any more under the carpet.”
“Once they provide better alternatives, not just in meat alternatives, but in menus, they would reduce meat consumption in western societies,”
原來在此 Original articles here:
好味道XO 醬四季豆，香棘鮮甜爽口！ Delicious Sauteen French Bean w/ XO Sauce, Fragrant, Spicy, Refreshing and Sharp Tasty!
香韌好味的台式叉燒撈麵! Fragrant Chewy and Delicious Cha Siew Lo Mien (seasoned noodle) Formosa style!
報告將會刊登在「美國國家科學院院刊」( Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences）…
Research led by Oxford Martin School finds widespread adoption of vegetarian diet would cut food-related emissions by 63% and make people healthier too
Monday 21 March 2016 19.00 GMT
Growing food for the world’s burgeoning population is likely to send greenhouse gas emissions over the threshold of safety, unless more is done to cut meat consumption, a new report has found.
A widespread switch to vegetarianism would cut emissions by nearly two-thirds, it said.
In three decades, emissions related to agriculture and food production are likely to account for about half of the world’s available “carbon budget” – the limited amount of carbon dioxide and its equivalents that can be poured into the atmosphere if we are to hold global warming to no more than 2C.
While energy generation, transport and buildings have long been a target for governments, businesses and campaigners looking to reduce emissions, the impact from food production has often been left out. But on current trends, with intensive agriculture increasingly geared towards livestock rearing, food production will be a major concern.
The research, led by scientists at the Oxford Martin School, found that shifting to a mostly vegetarian diet, or even simply cutting down meat consumption to within accepted health guidelines, would make a large dent in greenhouse gases.
Adhering to health guidelines on meat consumption could cut global food-related emissions by nearly a third by 2050, the study found, while widespread adoption of a vegetarian diet would bring down emissions by 63%.
The additional benefit of going further, with the widespread adoption of veganism, brought a smaller incremental benefit, with emissions falling by about 70% in the projections.
Such steps would also save lives, argued Dr Marco Springmann, lead author of the study, entitled Analysis and valuation of the health and climate change co-benefits of dietary change, and published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on Tuesday.
“Imbalanced diets, such as diets low in fruits and vegetables and high in red and processed meat, are responsible for the greatest health burden globally and in most regions,” he said. “At the same time, the food system is responsible [currently] for more than a quarter of all greenhouse gas emissions, and therefore a major driver of climate change.”
More than 5m premature deaths could be avoided globally by 2050 if health guidelines on meat consumption were followed, rising to more than 7m with a vegetarian diet and 8m on veganism. These steps, if widely followed, could also reduce global healthcare costs by $1bn a year by mid-century.
Intensive livestock-rearing is a major cause of greenhouse gases, in part because of the methane produced by the animals and the massive slurry pits that accompany large farms. It also diverts water and grains to animal-rearing, which is less efficient than directing the grains towards direct human consumption.
Non-intensive rearing of livestock, such as raising animals on marginal land, could be “an interesting proposal” that would allow meat-eating at lower levels with less environmental harm, said Springmann. “That is one of the discussions that could spring up as a result of our research.”
Individuals were often confused by health messaging, food labelling and the availability of foodstuffs, he added, meaning that many people do not realise the harm that over-consumption of meat may be doing them. As populations around the world have grown more prosperous, with the rise of middle class societies in areas that have emerged from poverty, people have tended to switch their diets to include more meat as they have grown richer.
Governments agreed at a landmark climate conference in Paris in December to hold global warming to no more than 2C above pre-industrial levels, with an aspiration of an even lower target, of 1.5C. However, the exact measures that will be required to meet the global goal, and nationally set emissions targets, have yet to be fully worked out.
Linking health and climate change in challenging our eating habits could have more effect than focusing on each of these issues alone, said Springmann. “By combining the two benefits, you have a more powerful impact. I think this will make more of an impression,” he said.
“We do not expect everybody to become vegan. But the climate change impacts of the food system will require more than just technological changes. Adopting healthier and more environmentally sustainable diets can be a large stop in the right direction.
“The size of the projected benefits should encourage individuals, industry and policymakers to act decisively to make sure that what we eat preserves our environment and health,” he said.
|香港灣仔港灣道1號香港會議展覽中心展覽廳3F & G|
|March 10-12, 2016 (Thu to Sat)|
|Hall 3F & G, Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre
1 Harbour Road, Wan Chai, Hong Kong
*Visitor under 18 will not be admitted.(Trade Days)
** Open to public by ticket admission.
Season’s greetings and best wishes this Holiday Season!
We wish you a joyous holiday season and a happy vegan New Year! May these festive times bring an abundance of love, peace, comfort and happiness… and plenty of delicious plant-based food to share with cherished family and friends, both human and our animal co-inhabitants.
Our deep gratitude to Beloved Supreme Master Ching Hai for the best Christmas gift – spending Your precious time with us this year through the conferences and international gathering, and for being forever by our side, holding our hands along our spiritual journeys. No words could truly express our gratitude for all that You do, the Ever Compassionate Tim Qo Tu, all of the sacrifices You make to bring unconditional love, blessings, and enlightenment to our lives and to the lives of all beings throughout the Universe.
To all the volunteers and organizations who have, and continue to assist those in their times of need,
To all leaders and individuals who courageously speak out for the equality of all beings and the protection of the environment,
To all kind readers, sitting at home, sharing positive thoughts and prayers for a peaceful world,
To God, the Council of the Original Universe, and Heaven for Their guidance, seen and unseen,
To Master Jesus Christ, whose blessed birth we celebrate on Christmas, and all the great masters of our time, for their immense love in humbly descending to Earth to share love, peace and joy with our world,
Thank you for helping bring our planet and all her inhabitants into a brighter future.
We wish 2016 and onwards to be filled with the light of love and inner peace! Happy Holidays!
Special Note: Please remember Master’s loving reminder to protect our precious environment and our beautiful trees. Please use a Christmas tree substitute instead of a real tree.
Master is always deeply concerned when disasters occur in any part of the world. Upon hearing news of such events, She immediately provides financial assistance and sends relief teams. Through such efforts, Her unconditional love and support are conveyed to those affected, thus reducing their suffering while helping them to rebuild their lives.
In recognition of the selfless actions of governments, organizations and relief workers around the globe, Master expresses Her gratitude as follows: “Thank you, all the international help that brings care and necessities to afflicted victims. Thank you all the relief workers for taking time and forsaking your own comfort, even traveling great distance on unfavorable roads and conditions to bring love and assistance to people in a time of need. May Heaven bless you abundantly for your generosity and noble sacrifice.”
~ 12月5日更新~ 協助抵達希臘萊斯博斯島難民的持續旅程，部分內容如下：
~Updated Dec. 5~ Assisting the Continuing Journeys of Refugees Arriving in Lesbos Island, Greece
By Formosa and United Kingdom Relief Teams (Originally in English)
In response to Master’s loving reminder to assist the refugees, our Association members from Belgium, Formosa and the United Kingdom formed a relief team and traveled to the island of Lesbos, Greece, to lend a hand wherever needed and provide continued support for the refugees. Thus far in our relief efforts, we have used EUR 91,373.98 of Master’s funds to assist the refugees.
November 15, 2015:
On November 15, 2015, our relief team arrived on Lesbos where we visited three different refugee camps to assess the situation. About 3,000 refugees are coming to Lesbos daily and are transported to different camps by bus with the help of many NGOs. Our relief team is working with the NGOs to provide needed aid.
November 16, 2015:
On November 16, 2015, as we were driving near an area south of the island’s capital, Mytilene, a local man asked us to assist a full boat of approximately 60 refugees for landing. We drove down quickly and were able to help. The refugees were very happy to land safely and were pleased to see us.
Later, we visited the transit camp in Mantamados and a camp organized by Mercy Corps in Sikamineas. Both places were very well organized. Next, we went to the northern tip of the island close to Turkey where many refugees arrive. After spotting four boats approaching the rocks, we worked with volunteers from the Youth With A Mission organization to help these boats land safely and assisted the refugees to climb up the cliff. All the refugees were very happy to arrive in a new land safely.
On the way back, we attended a meeting with some of the volunteer groups and learned warm supplies will be needed for the coming winter and the refugees’ upcoming journey further north. Thus, we are currently planning the purchase of 4,000 sleeping bags and light raincoats for the refugees staying at Camp Moria, where they will be waiting for their paperwork to be processed. The remaining funds will be given to a local volunteer organization, which is responsible for receiving children, pregnant women and the most vulnerable refugees referred by doctors, to purchase a much needed van.
November 17 – 19, 2015:
On November 17-19, our relief team in Lesbos, Greece purchased 4,000 sleeping bags and raincoats, socks and children’s clothing to be distributed to the arriving refugees. These warming items are desperately needed as winter is approaching. Sleeping bags are especially in high demand because some refugees do not have tents or their tents do not have heaters installed.
As approximately 3,200 refugees continue to arrive at the Greek island of Lesbos daily, the camp in Moria, as well as other assembly points and reception sites, have far exceeded their capacity. Therefore, on November 19, our relief team went to Camp Moria to help clean up the site and meet other NGO members. We collected many bags of rubbish together with other volunteers. Some refugees also joined us in cleaning. We were pleased to see the site was a lot cleaner and less crowded, with the arrival and help of more volunteers and the United Nations (UN) staff members.
Speaking to some of the refugees, it was heartrending to hear stories of their journeys here. Many of them had to walk 20 to 30 days before getting in a boat for Lesbos, and are now being faced with an uncertain future.
We also later visited the Village of All Together, an open shelter for refugees organized by Lesbos citizens, collectives and NGOs, located at a former tent-camp for kids, PIKPA. The site is now a camp for the most vulnerable among the refugees such as those who are pregnant, sick, and living with a disability. Every day, the camp provides meals for 1,000 to 2,000 people. They plan to set up a vegetarian restaurant in the busy area near the port, which will provide affordable food, and also employment opportunities for refugees. After asking what they needed, our relief team has decided to help them look for a much-needed van while we are on the island.
We were interviewed by a German TV channel, and told them of the collective relief efforts here in Lesbos, and also the importance of adopting a vegan diet to protect all life on the planet.
November 22 – 26, 2015:
On November 22, our Greece relief team, formed by Association members from Belgium, Bulgaria, Formosa, Greece and the United Kingdom, revisited Camp Moria to deliver clothes, shoes, and other supplies and found many things had improved since our last visit. The overcrowding has been greatly reduced and the camp was very clean. We came in time to help set up a temporary storage space as the strong wind had blown over the big tent for supplies.
On November 24, 5,000 refugees suddenly arrived on Lesbos. Therefore, we started buying supplies in order to distribute them at different locations. We drove up the north coast of the island at night where the refugees’ boats were constantly arriving, and helped 50 passengers from one boat to come ashore. Some of the women and children were scared and shaking.
As most refugees have to go to Camp Moria to register, the next day on November 25, we loaded our car with supplies and went to this camp again to distribute the most urgently needed supplies for the new arrivals such as toothbrushes, toothpaste, backpacks and children’s hats and gloves. Within two days, over a hundred sets of children’s clothing, 6,000 pairs of socks and a few carloads of fruits, bread, water, sleeping bags, blankets, clothes and other daily necessities were distributed to newly arrived refugees, all with Heaven’s love. Medicine San Frontiers (MSF) (Doctors Without Borders) in Idomeni offered to let us use their warehouse and sent volunteers to help us as well.
November 26 – December 1, 2015
On November 26, we completed three distributions of necessities at Camp Moria. Due to difficult weather, fewer boats arrived than on the previous night. So far Camp Moria is well-covered for now. Our order of sleeping bags will be arriving next Monday. PIKPA camp is giving us the use of their warehouse. Right now the island is looking calm again, but things can change suddenly. We never know when new boats will arrive. Let’s pray to God the refugees have a safe passage.
On November 27, our relief team in Lesbos, Greece went to the port in the capital, Mytilene, where some refugees were waiting for a ferry to mainland Greece, and distributed fruits and Arabic versions of Alternative Living flyers. The area was clean and well-managed. We were pleased to hear that the police prepared an extra boat in case there was not enough room on the ferry for all the refugees. Another volunteer group was giving breakfast to the refugees. Many refugees read the flyers while waiting in a queue. A young man from Pakistan told us if it were not for God, he would have died five times already!
Afterwards, we visited Kara Tepe, a transit camp near Mytilene, where we learned from a UN official that there were enough sleeping bags in stock for the winter. At Camp Moria, we were relieved to see that the Red Cross staff was handing out arrival packs containing warm clothing and blankets to the 500 newly arrived refugees, and that there were enough tents for them as well.
The next couple of days, there were not many refugees arriving due to heavy rainfall. We went to Camp Moria to check out the situation. During the visits, we met Mr. Sotirios Petrakis, an island resident with a heart of gold. He has devoted a lot of time and effort to help the refugees since the beginning, and he kept reminding people that it is a lesson of love for the whole world. He happily received a copy of Master’s The Key of Immediate Enlightenment Sample Booklet.
On November 30, we went to PIKPA camp to wait for the delivery of the sleeping bags we ordered. We brought some biscuits and candy, to the delight of the children. We gave a copy of Master’s The Key of Immediate Enlightenment Sample Booklet and From Crisis to Peace – The Organic Vegan Way Is the Answer to the camp’s financial administrator. He is also running a school called Second Chance, teaching languages to adults. We met a volunteer psychologist named Lafy from Jerusalem, who encourages refugees’ children to express their feelings, experiences and what they want to achieve in the future.
Within an hour after we received the sleeping bags, we delivered 200 to Camp Moria where they were urgently needed for the arrival of new refugees. The conditions in the camp have improved. At the new children’s art place at the camp, we became friends with Shah, an Iranian volunteer from London who enjoys working with the children, and also works as a translator in the camp. We also plan to send 3,000 sleeping bags to Idomeni, where thousands of refugees wait at the border between Greece and Macedonia, and we will join the Austria relief team to distribute them.
On December 1, back at the port of Mytilene, the weather was getting cold as night fell, and more and more refugees were gathered to wait for the ferry. We attempted to lighten the mood by sharing pieces of chocolate with everyone. They were surprised and started to smile upon receiving the unexpected treat.
Expenditures Thus Far for The Supreme Master Ching Hai International Association for Refugee Relief Work in Lesbos, Greece
|4000 Sleeping bags and 4000 raincoats||
|Food, water, daily necessities, clothing items, cleaning supplies and car rental for the refugees; flyer printing fee||
|Transportation, lodging, phone, food and miscellaneous expenses for the relief team||